5 most important people who shaped democracy
Democracy has evolved since its early days. The early democracy was limited to men of certain status in the society but today it has evolved to include a government with inputs from every member of the society. However, with the rise in population size, it is not possible to have an input from each member of the society but rather some elected representatives are chosen to speak the voices of the people. Some societies are more democratic than the other but there is no perfect democracy.
As you would expect, democracy has been shaped by some individuals over the years. Although the list is endless, here are top five most important people who shaped democracy.
Solon (638BC – 558BC) – Solon was a lawmaker and statesman in Athens. He played a major role in developing democracy in Athens. This resulted in the allowance of all citizens to participate in the Athenian assembly and the reduction of the elite’s power. It was a major way to resist the tyranny of the time.
Cleisthenes (570BC – 558BC) – The first democracy was created in Athens in 507 BC by Cleisthenes. He campaigned and ensured various democratic reforms in Athens as a way to prevent tyranny-bread discords. Cleisthenes laws sought to bring about equality in relation to the law.
Aristotle (384BC – 322BC) – Plato’s student, Aristotle, was a major political theorist with a lot of other achievements. His famous write-ups on democracy stood the test of time as he examined its benefits over other systems of government. He was an advocate of democracy and how it provides freedom as against slavery offered by some other forms of governance.
John Locke (1632 – 1704) – Locke was one of the key contributors to the theory of liberal democracy. His famous articles argued that the government should rule by the agreement and consent of the people. He was well known for his idea of a social contract as a power with the people’s consent. He was a major advocate of the equality of all men.
William Penn (1644 – 1718) – Penn championed democracy. He pointed out that election of representatives should be a democratic principle. He also emphasized on the principle of freedom of religion and the unity of different American colonies to form the United States.